The introduction of vaccines ranks as one of the greatest healthcare achievements in modern history. Through the global efforts of the vaccine community, small pox has been eradicated worldwide and the eradication of polio nears. Other infectious diseases such as measles have been eliminated from large regions of the world. All of these advances have contributed to increases in health around the globe. The ongoing COVID 19 pandemic has demonstrated the value of vaccination and we’ve all witnessed the rapid development of new vaccines. However, vaccine distribution is subject to a high degree of inequity that correlates with national income levels, as well as with access to vaccine manufacturing facilities. New advances in vaccine manufacturing and delivery, such as highly intensified small-foot print manufacturing processes and improved vaccine delivery, may help to address these inequities. The speaker will touch upon each of these topics during the presentation.